Blackheads are a type of acne vulgaris, or hormonal acne. The most common cause is oil gland over-production, which can happen during hormonal shifts, such as puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy. Blackheads can also form when hair follicles are irritated or when dead skin cells do not shed regularly.
Blackheads are most common in the pores that lie within your T-Zone, a section of your face that includes your nose, forehead, and chin. The skin in this area contains more oil glands than other parts of your face and body, which is one of the main factors why blackheads often pop up on your nose.
Removing a blackhead once in a while is safe for most people, but it's important not to make a habit out of removing them yourself. If you have recurring blackheads, make an appointment with a dermatologist who can help you address them with more permanent treatment options.
It can be very tempting — and satisfying — to squeeze out or pop blackheads. However, squeezing out blackheads can create several problems: You may not remove the entire blackhead. You may even push the blackhead further into your skin, which can cause painful irritation.
Removing blackheads may leave the pores open but you can make them appear smaller eventually by following CTM (Cleanser, Toner & Moisturization) routine to tighten the pores. Toner helps prevent breakouts and keep pores from getting clogged, thereby making them appear smaller.
Prolonged exposure to the air causes the blockage to oxidize and darken. Because the pore gets stretched out of shape, it will fill back up again even after it is emptied. These stubborn pores are most likely to occur on the face, chest and back.
You can use a scrub to remove the top part of the blackhead but that does not take care of the underlying cause. The blackhead will soon resurface. Instead, try a well-formulated product with BHA (salicylic acid). Salicylic acid is an amazing ingredient for getting rid of blackheads.
Use baking soda and water:
Take a spoonful of baking soda, half tbsp. lemon juice, mix it with lukewarm water. The paste works very well as a natural exfoliator and shields skin from infection. You can get rid of the tricky, firm blackheads using this home remedy.
The general rule of thumb is three times per week for oily or combination skin, and just once weekly for sensitive skin, Dr. Marchbein says.
This type of acne develops when oil (sebum) and dead skin cells combine to form a plug that clogs your pores. Sometimes, cleansing and exfoliating may be enough to loosen the plug and draw it out. But if the plug hardens, or it's too deep to access, you might not be able to remove the blackhead on your own.
Don't squeeze the pores on your nose
It's tempting to squeeze your pores. While it may get rid of the darker dots short term, it can also: damage skin tissue. enlarge the pores.
The key to temporarily tightening up your clean pore is a clay mask. “Clay masks can be helpful for drawling out excess oil and toning or temporarily tightening the pores,” says Melissa. “A clay mask will further work to purify the follicle, minimize the appearance of the follicle, and absorb excess oil.
Comedogenic products can lead to clogged pores, which can cause an increase in acne spots such as blackheads. If you're trying to prevent blackheads from returning, use non-comedogenic, oil-free products in your skin care routine. Look for cleansers and moisturizer products that are lightweight and gentle on the skin.
You Have Clogged Pores
If you over-moisturize, the leftover moisturizer just sits on your face. With nowhere to go, this extra moisturizer will eventually fill up the pores on your skin and clog them, resulting in the production of acne, whiteheads, and blackheads.
It is not a good idea to use toothpaste as a treatment for pimples and acne. Although toothpaste contains ingredients that keep the mouth clean and prevent dental disease, it does not follow that it will benefit the skin in the same way.
All you need to do is to mix a tablespoon of baking soda with two tablespoons of water. Apply this paste for about 15-20 minutes, and wash it off with lukewarm water. Baking soda is a natural exfoliator, and its antibacterial properties keep the chances of any irritation and infection at bay.
The Skin-Compromising Consequences
“Squeezing, picking, pulling, prodding—all of that can stretch the elastic around the pores, which makes them wider and larger, and they won't bounce back into shape. Ultimately, your pores will look larger and become increasingly more visible.
Sebum consists mainly of oil which is excreted by a network of tiny glands all over the body. Sometimes the sebum becomes trapped which can result in skin problems such as acne and cysts. Sebum can develop a `cheesy ` smell which is why some people have `smelly` feet.
"So whatever treatments you do, blackheads will always naturally reform every 20 to 40 days." Annoying, we know. "This means doing a one-off treatment won't permanently get rid of them, the blackheads will come back. Tackling them needs to be an ongoing process.” The first step is the simplest, try an exfoliator.
While cellophane tape could possibly remove surface dead skin cells, it's unclear how effective this method is in removing clogged gunk in your pores. Don't use masking, duct, industrial, or any other type of tape that could be harmful to your skin.
Blackheads can be fairly resilient and hard to remove. You might squeeze and prod without being able to get the blackheads out. This will cause skin irritation and potentially get more bacteria inside the blemish leading to cysts or nodules.
Close the holes temporarily with cold water.
Cold water makes your pores contract, which makes them look smaller. Try splashing some cold water on your face or holding a cold washcloth against the blackhead holes. This won't shrink them permanently, but it works as a good temporary fix.